Adam Rankin “Stovepipe” Johnson (February 6, 1834 – October 20, 1922) was an antebellum Western frontiersman and later an officer inside the Accomplice States Military via the American Civil Battle. Johnson obtained notoriety principal the Newburgh Raid using a drive of solely about 35 males. Johnson and his males confiscated offers and ammunition and never utilizing a shot being fired by tricking Newburgh’s defenders into pondering town was surrounded by cannons. In reality, the so-called cannons have been an assemblage of a variety pipe, a charred log, and wagon wheels, endlessly giving the Accomplice commander the nickname of Adam “Stovepipe” Johnson. Completely blinded all through a skirmish in 1864, Johnson in 1887 primarily based town of Marble Falls, Texas, which turned known as “the blind man’s metropolis.”
He died in Burnet, Texas in 1922 on the age of 88, and is interred on the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas. He rests beside his partner Josephine and near his grandson, Decide George Christian Sr., and a great-grandson, former White Home Press Secretary George Christian Jr.
Adam R. Johnson returned to Texas after being exchanged and paroled in 1865. Though blind, he primarily based a metropolis, established a corporation, and labored to harness the water power of the Colorado River. One in all his sons was Rankin Johnson Sr., a former Main League pitcher for the Boston Crimson Sox and St. Louis Cardinals.
Johnson was appointed brigadier widespread on September 6, 1864, to rank from June 1, 1864, though his appointment was not at all confirmed by the Accomplice Congress. On August 21, 1864, he was blinded by an unintended shot from one in every of his private males all through a skirmish at Grubb’s Crossroads, near Princeton, Kentucky. Left behind because of his accidents, he was captured by the Federals and was a prisoner for lots of the remainder of the battle in Fort Warren. He was exchanged near the battle’s end, and no matter his blindness tried to return to energetic accountability. Nonetheless, the final word hand over put a stop to that.
In 1863, Johnson assumed command of a brigade inside the cavalry division of Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan. He reluctantly participated in Morgan’s Raid, though he was solely presupposed to raid on the Kentucky facet of the river. Following the Accomplice disaster on the Battle of Buffington Island, Johnson led virtually 350 of his males all through the rain-swollen Ohio River to safety. The the remainder of Morgan’s division was trapped on the Ohio facet of the river and at last compelled to surrender.
When the Civil Battle began and his native Kentucky struggled to maintain up its neutrality, Johnson returned residence and joined Nathan B. Forrest’s cavalry battalion as a scout, stopping with him at his first engagement on the Battle of Sacramento. He escaped seize with Forrest after Fort Donelson, when the Accomplice commanders decided to surrender their publish to the Union besiegers. He later obtained a promotion to colonel in recognition of his exploits alongside together with his tenth Kentucky Partisan Rangers, a regiment he raised that all the time operated deep behind Federal traces in Kentucky. Johnson’s males harassed Union present traces and attacked isolated garrisons. In July 1862, in his Newburgh Raid, Johnson captured town of Newburgh, Indiana, bluffing its sizable Union militia drive into surrendering with solely twelve of his males and a stovepipe mounted and a burnt black log on the working gears of an abandoned wagon to type a Quaker cannon. His seize of the first Northern metropolis to fall to the Confederates made the knowledge even in Europe, and Johnson’s males thereafter nicknamed him “Stovepipe”.
Johnson was born in Henderson, Kentucky, a son of Thomas J. and Juliet (Rankin) Johnson. Educated inside the native schools, he went to work at age 12 in a drugstore for the next eight years. In 1854 he moved to Hamilton Valley in Burnet County, Texas, and labored as a surveyor on the West Texas frontier. He was a well-known Indian fighter and equipped offers and animals for the Butterfield Overland Mail stations. On January 1, 1861, he married Josephine Eastland of Austin, with whom he had 9 kids.